Brazilian Empire1
House of Braganša
  Pedro I (1822-1831, abdicated) 
  Pedro II (1831-1889, deposed) 
 Became a republic in 1889

Mexican Empire1
House of Habsburg-Lorraine
  Maximilian I (1864-1867, deposed) 
 Became a republic in 1867

  1. [S38] John Morby, Oxford Dynasties of the World (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1989), page 243.
  2. [S38] ibid., page xx.